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Research: Bioaccumulation of different congeners of Poly-Brominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in muscle tissue of males and females of Clupea harengus from the North Sea

Marine Science Lecturer, Andrea Gaion, led a piece of research working with Ellana Morgan, Stuart Collier and Davide Sartori. The focus of this was the Bioaccumulation of different congeners of Poly-Brominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in muscle tissue of males and females of Clupea harengus from the North Sea.

The abstract reads:

In the last decades, high concentrations of flame retardants (PBDE) in marine organisms have caused increasing concern among scientists with regards to their biomagnification potential and to human health. Poly-Brominated Diphenyl Ethers have been widely used in the past as flame retardants in various industrial sectors, and their presence in the biota has been associated with different toxicological effects. In this study, concentrations of 9 congeners of PBDE (183, 85, 153, 154, 99, 100, 47, 66 and 28) and morphometric parameters (Total Length, TL; Fork Length, FL in cm and weight) have been measured in muscle of males and females of Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus). Results showed no statistical differences between the concentrations of most of the congeners analysed between the two sexes, except for PBDE 153 (Mean ± standard error in males = 0.034 ± 0.005 μg/kg and in females = 0.086 ± 0.040 μg/kg; p = 0.003). This research contributes to better comprehend the ecotoxicological properties of these molecules and their implications for human consumption.

The full article with references is available to read here.